This State House is Vermont's third, and was built in 1859 on the same site as the second. It was reconstructed with a similar plan, but on a larger scale and with a distinctly different ornamental scheme reflecting the Renaissance Revival style popular at the time. The State House was rebuilt over the course of two and a half years and cost $150,000. It remains one of the nation's oldest and best preserved state capitols still in use.
On the front portico, which is the only remaining portion of the earlier Greek Revival State House of the 1830's, stands a statue of Ethan Allen, fabled leader of the Green Mountain Boys. The original marble sculpture was also by the hand of Larkin Mead, but was replaced by a replica in 1941 due to deterioration from exposure to weather.